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General information

  • Location address
  • Location country
    United States
  • Year of construction
  • Name of the client/building owner
    New York City Department of Design & Construction, Division of Structures and New York City Dept of Transportation
  • Function of building
    Vehicle services
  • Degree of enclosure
    Open structure
  • Climatic zone
    Temperate - cold winters and mild summers
  • Number of layers
  • Primary function of the tensile structure
    • Space defining elements


The award nominated Delancey and Essex Municipal Parking Garage in New York features a façade comprising a three-dimensional surface of lines produced by offsetting two layers of synthetic cable on galvanised steel rods. Constructed in 2017, the façade demonstrated the suitability of synthetic cable as both a decorative and constructional element in architectural design. It shows the application of synthetic fibre cable in a static application.

By offsetting the two layers of 1 ¼” (3.175 cm) composite cables, a dynamic visual effect was produced. When the two layers - one planar and the other folded - are viewed together, moiré patterns are created by the interference of the crossing lines. The patterns seemingly move across the face of the building as the viewer’s position changes. Depending on the viewer’s vantage point, the façade appears to shift from a solid, metallic folded surface to a lightweight scrim to a transparent web of lines.

The synthetic fibre cables span from the first floor to the roof and are fastened to stainless steel end-fittings with integral turnbuckles for adjustability. At the intermediate levels, stainless steel “O-rings” attach the outer layer of cables to galvanised steel “combs,” anchored to the floor slab at each level. The cables are positioned to give the appearance of being woven on a loom. The inner layer is composed of straight lines that are attached only at endpoints.

Material = stainless steel-jacketed, composite synthetic fibre cables (Supplier Phillystran)

Description of the environmental conditions

Material of the cover

  • Cable-net/Fabric/Hybrid/Foil

Main dimensions and form

  • Covered surface (m2)

Duration of use

  • Temporary or permanent structure

Involved companies