Buquebus Bus & Cars parking
Year of construction
Function of building
Degree of enclosure
Number of layers
Type of application of the membrane
Primary function of the tensile structure
- Rain protection
- Sun protection
At the transit area in the port of Montevideo a covered parking for bus and cars was asked for those travelling with the ferry connecting Montevideo and Buenos Aires. The objective of the parking roof is to provide rain and sun protection.
The designers developed a simple, self-supporting structure with independent membranes. The area is covered without internal supports to optimize the parking facilities and all the rainwater is directed to the edge perimeter. The membrane is stretched over 5 archs, prestressed and stabilized by 4 cables. The structure is composed of 5 metal arches with a span of 34,47m, separated each 9m. Longitudinal stability is given with 3 lines of beams (one central and two intermediate) and a perimeter 3 dimensional beam which is also suitable for anchoring the intermediate cable turnbuckles.
The structure was produced in the metal workshop, for parts, then assembled on site and the final assembly and welding was performed in place with the help cranes. The arches are made of round pipes 8", 4” and 2"1/2 and the anchorage plates in 1"1/2. The membrane was produced simultaneously in the workshop, and once the structure was finished, the membrane was installed in 8 days. The membranes are made of polyester fabric PES HT 1100dtex, 6x6 threads per cm with PVC coating, UV protection on the outside, a weight of 900g/m² and a breaking load limit of 38daN/cm.
The prestressing was performed by tying the ropes: intermediate cables through the central modules and edge cables in the extremes modules. Of all the possible options the prestressed PVC membrane is the better one from the point of view of shape and aesthetics, as well as translucency of sunlight, without of ultraviolet or infrared radiation.
Description of the environmental conditions
Material of the cover
PVC - coated polyester fabric
Main dimensions and form
Covered surface (m2)
Form single element
Duration of use
Temporary or permanent structure
Convertible or mobile